The Automobile Association’s (AA) fuel price breakdown

Health & Safety

  • by onRoute
  • Jun 29, 2018
  • 265
  • News

The Automobile Association’s (AA) fuel price breakdown

This breakdown and the accompanying infographics by the AA give a snapshot of how the cost of every
litre of petrol is determined based on 93 unleaded octane fuel (inland) and 95 octane fuel (at the coast).

At the beginning of April, road users paid a massive increase of between 69 and 72 cents more for a litre of petrol due to a number factors including the strengthening international petroleum prices, and the addition of 52 cents to the fuel levies.

These fuel levies are mainly in the form of two indirect taxes: the General Fuel Levy, and the Road Accident Fund (RAF) Levy. The increases to these levies were announced by former finance minister Malusi Gigaba in his Budget Speech in February.

At this time, the AA warned that any increase above inflation will hurt the poorest of the poor in the country. This is because:

The difference between inland and coastal fuel prices is mainly due to transport costs of the fuel from depots at the coast to inland outlets.
  • Many people rely on public transport which, if the price of fuel increases, will need to recover these costs by passing them on to consumers.
  • Increases in fuel prices mean goods transport across the country becomes more expensive as operators seek to recover the increases by again passing these on to consumers.

“Essentially, in our view, more expensive fuel means more expensive transport and goods for consumers, who this year, are also faced with a one percentage point increase in the Value Added Tax (VAT) rate.” – the AA

As we all know, in May the petrol price again increased by 49 cents a litre.

The fuel price is comprised of four main elements:

  1. ·         The General Fuel Levy;
  2. ·         The RAF Levy;
  3. ·         The Basic Fuel Price (freight and insurance costs, cargo dues, storage and financing); and,
  4. ·         Wholesale and retail margins, and distribution and transport costs.

1. The General Fuel Levy is a tax charged on every litre of petrol sold.

In April 2016, the General Fuel Levy increased from R2,55 to R2,85. Last year, this levy again increased by 30 cents from R2,85 to R3,15. This year it increased by 22 cents and now stands at R3,37 a litre.

The money collected through this tax is administered by the National Treasury and is treated as a general tax and not, as many people assume, for road-related expenses.

2. Money collected through the RAF Levy portion of every litre of petrol sold is used to fund the Road Accident Fund, which uses the money to compensate victims of road accidents.

In 2016, the RAF Levy was R1,54 (unchanged from 2015). In 2017 it rose by nine cents to R1,63. This year the RAF Levy increase was a sizable 30 cents and now stands at R1,93 a litre.

Combined, the General Fuel Levy and the RAF Levy constitute R5,30 of every litre of fuel sold in the country.

So, if a litre of fuel inland (93 unleaded octane) costs R14,72, then 36% of this amount is tax.

Similarly, if a litre of fuel at the coast (95 octane) costs R14,38, then 37% is tax.

The difference between inland and coastal fuel prices is mainly due to transport costs of the fuel from depots at the coast to inland outlets.

In South Africa, the price of fuel is adjusted monthly based on a number of factors, mainly international petroleum prices, and the rand/US dollar exchange rate.

3. The Basic Fuel Price (BFP) is calculated based on costs associated with shipping petroleum products to South Africa from the Mediterranean area, Arab Gulf and Singapore. These costs include insurance, storage, and wharfage (the cost to harbour facilities when off-loading petroleum products into storage). The current BFP is R5,81.

4. Other costs associated with the petrol price include transport costs (from the harbour to inland areas), customs and excise duties, retail margins paid to fuel station owners, and secondary storage costs. These costs currently total R3,12 for inland petrol and R2,78 for coastal petrol.

Movements in these costs the past 12 months include an additional 10 cents a litre charge in transport for fuel from coastal areas to Gauteng; and an 11 cents a litre increase in the retail margin at both inland and coastal stations.

Using this data, filling a 50-litre tank with 93 unleaded petrol inland will cost R736.00. This is comprised of the

Fuel Levy – R3,37 x 50l (R168,50)

RAF levy – R1,93 x 50l (R96,50)

associated costs – R3,12 x 50l (R156)

the Basic Fuel Price – R6.30 x 50l (R315)

In conclusion, given recent increased international petroleum prices, and the volatility of the rand against the US dollar, the AA believes it is likely the price of petrol will continue to increase, in the short term at least.

The AA releases a prediction for the change in the fuel price in the middle and again at the end of every month, ahead of the official announcement by the government. These can be viewed at www.aa.co.za.